Puppy Healthcare - Spay and Neuter
Spay and Neutering
Spaying involves surgery to remove the ovaries and uterus of the female dog. Common reasons to spay your dog include prevention of oestrus “on heat” behaviour and prevention of unwanted offspring. Spaying also helps to prevent mammary and reproductive tract tumours and serious uterine infections. We recommend spaying your dog at around 6 months old, before the first heat. Neutering or castration involves removal of the testicles of the male dog. Common reasons to neuter include preventing unwanted offspring, reducing aggressive behaviours and reducing roaming.
Neutering also helps to prevent testicular tumours and prostate problems which can lead to constipation in older dogs. We recommend neutering your dog at around 6 months old.
A microchip is a device about the size of a grain of rice which has a unique number contained on it. This number links to a database which contains owner details. This means that if your pet ever goes missing and is found and taken to a vet clinic, the council or the SPCA they can scan the number and reunite you with your pet. All newly registered dogs must be microchipped for the council database. There is also the option of putting the microchip details on the national database as well so that if your dog goes missing outside New Plymouth your details can also be found. The microchip is inserted under the skin and the procedure is relatively quick and simple. It can be done in a consult or when your dog comes in for their spay/neuter.
It is important to feed a specific puppy food during the growth period of your puppy: the first year in small breed and the first 18month-2years in large or giant breed dogs. Too much or too little of the nutrients your puppy needs can make a big difference to their future health. The correct balance of calcium and phosphorous is crucial to the development of healthy bones and the prevention of serious diseases. Fat, protein and energy are also important. Different sized dogs have different requirements too so it is important that you select a puppy food for a large or small breed depending on your puppy.
A good diet will also ensure a glossy coat. Dull, dry coats or excessive moulting can indicate poor nutrition or a disease process. Premium foods all contain high quality, highly digestible ingredients and provide the best start for your puppy. The high digestibility means that premium foods minimise wastes so a dog’s stools are often significantly reduced when fed premium foods compared to a supermarket diet.
Dental conditions are common in dogs, particularly in small breeds. Premium foods include a special dental formula to slow the build-up of tartar, reducing the necessity for dental treatments in the future.
Please talk to our staff about the right food for your pet.
Treats and supplements -Excess table scraps may unbalance or dilute a complete, balanced commercial diet. Table scraps and treats should be <10% of total daily calories.